Metal Finishing Guide Book

2013

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Fig. 3. Flexible impeller pumps utilize an elastomeric impeller that pushes the liquid from the inlet to the outlet port. Fig. 4. Flexible linear pumps utilize an elastomeric liner that has an eccentric cam turning within it. As this rotates, it pushes the liquid from the inlet to the outlet port. Fig. 5. Air-operated diaphragm pumps utilize air pressure acting on a manifold valve to provide alternate reciprocating motion to opposed diaphragms. When one diaphragm is pushing liquid out, the opposite diaphragm is pulling liquid in. To efficiently provide a self-priming feature, close tolerances or actual rubbing must occur on both impeller and/or moving parts on the body of the pump. Most noteworthy is the fact that the greatest amount of wear occurs when the pump is developing its greatest amount of pressure as the plating filter is approaching maximum reduction of flow due to dirt pickup. Therefore, oversizing the filter will reduce the frequency of this occurrence. The flexible impeller (Fig. 3) and the liner impeller (Fig. 4) are both self-priming. They develop pressures up to 20 psi but require relatively frequent impeller or liner replacement when used continuously. Also, they cannot be used on abrasive solutions or where dry-running capability is required. Air-operated diaphragm pumps (Fig. 5) do not have rotating seals, impellers, or other internal parts. They depend on a pulsing, intermittent reciprocating motion acting on an elastomeric membrane to form a liquid chamber between two check valves and thus produce low flow rates at high pressure. The air supply can be regulated to produce certain performance requirements. Because of their self-priming feature, capability to run dry, and ability to handle extremely viscous liquids or materials with a high solids content, they are widely used in waste treatment and in other industrial applications. However, since these pumps pulsate, the filter and piping require pulsation dampening. Another common self-priming pump design is the progressive cavity design (Fig. 755

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